Treatment of a diastema in a digital workflow

diastema in a digital workflow

Michael Tsao and Hsuan Chen present a case study highlighting a non-invasive, model-free and fully digital restoration of a diastema.

Producing non-invasive microveneers using CAD/CAM systems has been a major challenge so far, due to the brittleness of ceramic dental materials. The very small wall thicknesses and thinly tapering edge areas of such restorations often showed significant ceramic chipping or fractures after CAM production.

We systematically examined a variety of ceramic material samples in numerous test runs. We selected the hybrid ceramic Vita Enamic (Vita Zahnfabrik) for our restoration.

Based on our clinical experience, this material still allows a very good marginal integrity even with wall thicknesses of 0.2mm.

In this case study, we show the non-invasive, model-free and fully digital restoration of a diastema.

Assessment and planning

A 29-year-old male patient presented in the practice because he was dissatisfied with his diastema between teeth UL1 and UR1. Orthodontic therapy was rejected by the patient.

He wanted a time-efficient solution with the greatest possible preservation of the natural tooth substance. The usual production of microveneers on refractory stumps was too lengthy for him. Therefore, with the patient, we decided to implement the gap closure in the digital workflow using Vita Enamic hybrid ceramics in a single session.

Tooth shade determination and digital design

After meticulous cleaning of the restoration area, the tooth shade was determined with the Vita Toothguide 3D-Master (Vita Zahnfabrik) on the two central incisors in the upper jaw.

The tooth shade 1M2 was determined and the corresponding blank selected.

After retraction threads were laid, the intraoral scan was performed with Cerec Omnicam (Dentsply Sirona). Because of the high enamel translucency of the tooth in the approximal region, scanning powder was applied to facilitate intraoral scanning. Sirona Connect transferred the data record to the Inlab software. There, the razor-thin microveneers were digitally constructed.

CAM fabrication

For CAM production with the Cerec MC XL System (Dentsply Sirona), the Vita Enamic blanks were fixed in the grinding unit and the corresponding grinding job was carried out. The grinding result showed razor-thin microveneers with absolutely precise edge areas.

Thanks to its dual ceramic-polymer network structure, the hybrid ceramic has a significantly higher elasticity and less brittleness than traditional ceramic CAD/CAM materials. This enables high-precision reconstructions with simultaneously low wall thicknesses.

Finally, the restorations were carefully separated from the attachment with a fine diamond, finalised and tried-in.

Proven protocol

Vita Enamic has a stable, highly networked ceramic matrix. The ceramic portion of the material is 86% (wt%). As a result, the hybrid ceramic can be preconditioned using hydrofluoric acid and silane, according to the traditional, all-ceramic protocol.

CAD/CAM composites, on the other hand, are sandblasted because they have a polymer matrix in which ceramic fillers are embedded. Sandblasting, however, can lead to damage of the material structure and thin edge areas in reconstructions with low wall thicknesses.

In the present case, the microveneers were pretreated with the safer protocol. The enamel was conditioned with phosphoric acid and adhesive. Afterwards, the veneers were fixed with a composite cement.

After removal of the composite residues and polishing with the Vita Enamic Polishing Set, a highly aesthetic result was achieved efficiently and non-invasively after only one session.

Products used

Vita Enamic, Vita Toothguide 3D-Master, Vita Enamic Polishing Set – Vita Zahnfabrik

Cerec Omnicam, Inlab software, Cerec MC XL system – Dentsply Sirona

This article first appeared in Clinical Dentistry magazine. Sign up here to read more articles like this.

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