Case of the week – relationship with the inferior dental nerve

Alex Woodham introduces Dental Scan’s latest case of the week – highlighting the LL8’s relationship with the inferior dental nerve.

  • Region scanned: LL3-LL8
  • Reason for referral: to assess the relationship of the LL8 with the IDN. OPG inconclusive. Possible infection seen around LL7
  • Scanner used: Kavo OP 3D
  • Scanning protocol: 6.5x9cm FOV, 0.2mm voxel size, 95kV, 3.6mA, 20 seconds
  • Radiation dose: 896 mGycm2 (approximately 0.13 mSv)
  • Scan: click here to view online.

Observations/findings

The LL8 is unerupted and horizontally impacted against the LL7 with the mesial root apex touching the IDC.

The tooth has a normal follicle space with no erosion of the adjacent distal root.

And the LL7 displays distal calculus and severe loss of periodontal bone attachment.

There is mesial horn pulpal exposure with apical radiolucencies 1-2 mm wide.

There are bilateral mandibular lingual tori.

Reconstructed panoramic view and cross sections showing the relationship of the mesial root apex of the LL8 to the IDN
Panoramic cropping of the LL7 showing mesial horn pulpal area
Axial view showing bilateral mandibular tori in the premolar area

Learning from this case

Where conventional imaging shows a close relationship between the lower third molar and the IDN, CBCT may be of benefit in carefully selected cases where the findings may alter management decisions.

In this case taking a CBCT scan is justified. It defines the relationship of the LL8 with the IDN, but also demonstrates the pathology associated with the LL7 suspected on the OPG.


For more information visit dental-scan.co.uk.

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